Career in the Aviation industry, as a broad term, encompasses a wide variety of career opportunities. A person’s initial concepts of aviation are likely to be directed towards flying as a pilot in a commercial aircraft. But aviation is in actuality, a global organization that requires disciplined, professional managers to design, manage, and operate the national and international aviation systems of the future. Aviation is a high-tech, swiftly evolving, competitive business operating in a global arena. As a result, educated and sufficiently trained managers are needed in dozens of different careers within the arena of the aviation management industry. In a short word, we can say aviation involves those who design it, build it, fly it, maintain it, and control it and Services providers i.e., Piloting , Air hostess, air traffic control , Air Safety Engineering, Transportation, Marketing and logistics, flight operations, and are just a few. Below, is just a brief details of some the carrier opportunities..
He or she is responsible to fly the aircraft form departure point to an arrival point. He or she must be of a sound physical and mental health. A minimum of Secondary School leaving certificate is required.
Air Hostesses or Flight Attendants are also called “Cabin Crew”. A Flight Attendant is primarily on board an aircraft for the safety and welfare of the passengers. They are required to understand and operate all cabin safety equipment such as medical and fire-fighting apparatus. Since this is seldom required, Flight Attendants fulfill the additional role of providing customer service and ensuring passengers comfort. Because cabin crew members are one of the main faces of an airline, they are expected to excel in customer service and always remain friendly, approachable and enthusiastic with a caring attitude.
Reasons to Become A Cabin Crew Member
Enjoy a different work pattern and enjoy a great deal of time off.
Fly free and see exotic places and stay free in beautiful hotels.
Have a good social life and meet new friends.
Enjoy variety – forget the routine 8 to 4 office life!
Get free or reduced-cost travel benefits for yourself and immediate family, covering air travel, lodging, car-rentals, and cruises.
Meet many new people including celebrities.
Be part of a booming industry.
Enjoy the benefits, adventure and excitement of flying.
Feel a sense of pride and accomplishment (especially when you help an unaccompanied minor, elderly or handicapped passengers safely reach their destination).
Earn a good salary and a good benefits package.
Age: From 18 years and above
Vision: Normal vision in each eye
Weight: should be in proportion to height
(Note: Some of the above conditions may vary slightly depending on the airline.)
Air Traffic Controller:
The Air Traffic Controller directs all flight activities in order to ensure a safe and orderly flow of flight, give advice and information by radio to pilots, in order to separate it from obstruction and other flights. and monitors planes in and around the airport. The basic requirement is a First degree in the sciences field.. A sound state of physical and mental health is also required..
He or she analyzes weather data and makes weather reports to the pilot and dispatcher and then works with the flight dispatcher preparing flight plans. A college degree with a major in meteorology is required for the job.
The flight dispatcher works the with the pilot planning flight requirements (fuel consumption, altitudes, traffic flow, weather, winds aloft) authorizes take-offs or cancels flights, and advises pilots in the air on weather or route changes. They frequently work under pressure in a noisy, busy atmosphere surrounded by other airport workers, teletype machines, telephones, and intercom systems. The job requires a college degree with a major in air transportation or meteorology.
It is this person’s job to plan and design airport facilities.
Airline Station Manager:
The station manager is in charge of all ground and flight operations for his/her airline. These responsibilities could include aircraft handling, passenger services, air cargo operations, ticket sales, making public announcements, checking baggage, or operating computer terminals depending upon the size of the airline or airport. This position requires a high school diploma.
Air Cargo Agent:
It is this person’s job to supervise the cargo terminal, record air freight shipments, and arrange for deliveries. A high school graduate with experience in shipping is preferred for the job. Physical strength is required.Air Cargo Forwarder
It is his/her job to deliver air freight to and from airlines.
Ground Radio Operator:
This person operates airline station radio equipment.
The operations agent oversees the loading and unloading of the airplane and checks the distribution of the aircraft load and fuel.
Baggage/ Air Cargo Handler:
He or she loads and unloads cargo and baggage, drives baggage tractors, and operates conveyors, forklifts, and other air freight handling equipment. A high school diploma is normally required and the minimum age is usually 18 to 20 depending upon the airline.
The security person is responsible for the safety of all people in and around the airport. He or she is authorized to x-ray carry-ons, search baggage, enforce airport regulations, and patrol the grounds.
Food service employees prepare food for airline travelers and are also responsible for cleanup of dishes and utensils. High school graduation is desired and health certificates are required.
This clerk handles telephone inquiries about flight schedules and fares and makes flight reservations for airline passengers. They usually work in large central offices with access to telephones and computer terminals. Applicants must have graduated from high school and be at least 18 years of age. Airlines prefer those with training in airline operations or experience in public telephone contact work.
The ticket agent sells tickets, weighs and tags baggage, and answers questions on schedules and fares. Graduation from high school is a minimum requirement, however, two years of college is preferred.
Fixed Base Operator:
This is a retail firm that manages services (aircraft refueling, airframe, engine, and/or instrument repair, flight training, ground school, rentals and charter flights) and sells general aviation products at an airport. The requirements to become an FBO are not clearly defined. A pilot’s license is not essential but would be useful as would training in business administration.
The travel agent promotes airline travel, calls on customers, and arranges charter flights.
Medical personnel are either Doctors or nurses. They for both staffs and traveling passengers that needs urgent attention. Must of the time their role becomes paramount in situation of incident or accident. Highly qualified in the field of study is a basic requirement.
Administration and Accounts:
They are personnel responsible for both the welfare and administration of staffs. The minimum requirements is the secondary school leaving certificate.
In the aviation industry, Engineering has a wide role to play, say from the development of the plane up to the final operation of the plane. All this sections are detailed below:
The airways engineer plans electronic navigational aids, such as radar, instrument landing systems, and airport approach lighting.
During the design process, the aerodynamicist works hard with the other design engineers to make sure that the airplane, missile, car, boat, or truck moves easily through the air or the water. He or she does this by building a model of the object to be designed and then testing it. One way to do this is to build a scale model and place it in a wind tunnel or a water tunnel. This way the engineer can observe and measure the way the air or water behaves when the object is moving. Another way to test a model is to build it on the computer and use math to predict how the air or water will behave. This kind of aerodynamicist is called a computational fluid simulation specialist. Most aerodynamics engineers have at least a BSc in engineering.
Aircraft Conversion Specialist:
Do you know someone who rebuilds cars and then resells them? An aircraft conversion specialist can do the same thing with airplanes. Maybe the remodeling is just a series of improvements in a regular private plane – better instruments or adding a satellite positioning system. Or maybe he or she will rebuild and redesign an old military or cargo plane into a fancy executive aircraft! Either way, this specialist must have a solid understanding of aviation principles and components, as well as have good sales and customer relations!
Why do airplanes use a different fuel than cars? Why do some rockets use solid fuels, while others use liquid fuels? How do you clean up after you use toxic chemicals? A chemist could tell you the answers to these questions! He or she analyzes the molecular makeup (sometimes atom by atom!) of fuels, plastics, or ceramics for use in aviation. An average chemist has at least a BS in chemistry, and many often have additional degrees in chemistry.
Computational Fluid Dynamicist:
The CFD (computational fluid dynamics) engineer is an aerodynamicist who specializes in testing a model on a computer. He or she uses math equations and formulas to model the flow of air or water in and around objects such as airplanes, missiles, boats, cars, or submarines. A CFD engineer usually has a MS or a Ph.D. in math or engineering.
The Boeing 757 and 767 use the same basic design and parts, but the 767 is a much larger plane that can hold up to 120 more people! The design engineer decides how long a plane has to be to hold a certain number of people, how wide it should be, where the wings need to be, and how strong the materials need to be. He or she calculates how the insides of the airplane and wing should be built to carry the predicted loads. Design engineers usually have at least a BS in mechanical, civil, or aerospace engineering.
Have you ever wondered how those buttons, dials, and gages in the cockpit work? A lot of us know WHAT they are, but we don’t always know how and why they work. An electronics engineer is a person who designs the sensors and connections that tell the pilot of an aircraft that things are fine, or that there is a problem. He or she also designs the connections and devices that translate the motion of the pilot’s hand on the stick, for example, into impulses that are sent to the flap mechanism. These impulses are then translated into the motion of the flap. An electronics engineer can have a BS degree or higher in electrical, mechanical, or aerospace engineering.
Whew! It’s hot in here! Lets get an equipment engineer to design an air-conditioning system to cool us off. He or she would have to make it both efficient and inexpensive, as well as size it so that it is neither too big, nor too small for our room! These engineers design heating, pressurizing, hydraulic, and/or oxygen-equipment systems for airplanes, cars, and buildings. Equipment engineers usually have BS degrees in mechanical, electrical, or systems engineering.
Mathematicians can work in many different areas of aviation, although it’s mostly behind the scenes. They develop the math formulas that engineers use to design their work, and help the engineers develop solutions to their problems. For example, a mathematician might work with an aerodynamicist to help formulate the equations to calculate the behavior of the fluid over a body. Or they might help record and analyze the wind tunnel data. Some mathematicians work with chemists or meteorologists to help them with the mathematical equations in their work. Mathematicians study math all through high school and college, and most of them have graduate degrees in math as well.
Have you ever had a toy that looked like it was made of strong metals, but when you played with it it broke right away? Well, a metallurgist is a specialist who works with metals and metal alloys to develop and test strong compounds to be used in airplanes and cars. He or she tries to ensure that the parts will not break even after years of use. The metallurgist may work separately in a laboratory in another part of a company, or he or she may be a part of an engineering design team. Either way, he or she tries to make strong parts to last a long time. Metallurgists have a background in hard science, and may have degrees in chemistry, physics, or materials engineering.
The physicist is another behind the scenes part of a design team. He or she may work in many different areas in aviation. A physicist might work by himself or herself, analyzing a scientific problem for aircraft or missiles such as overcoming the heat barrier or computing a trajectory, or he or she might be working closely with a design team. Some physicists work with metals and materials and might interact with chemists or metallurgists, while others are more mathematical and collaborate with aerodynamicists or failure analysis engineers. Most physicists have a solid background in math and science in high school and college, and go on to earn masters or PhD’s in physics before going out to work.
Power Plant Engineer:
A power plant engineer may work with piston engines, ramjets, scramjets, turbojets or turboprop engines, or rocket engines! He or she may design the whole engine system, or specialize by concentrating on a single component or part of an engine. Perhaps the engineer might get his or her hands dirty building and testing the engine, or maybe he or she will analyze the engine performance using the computer. Any way you look at it, a power plant engineer has an interesting job. A power plant engineer usually has a BS degree in mechanical or aerospace engineering, and many have masters or PhD’s as well.
How does the pilot know that the wing of the plane won’t rip off when he or she flies really fast? Or how does a trucker know if a bridge is strong enough to hold his or her truck? A structures engineer designs and tests components and materials to see that they are strong and will last a long time. He or she may do vibration tests (a whole lot of shaking!) or stress and strain tests (bending and twisting and pulling!) to make sure that a suggested design will do the job. The structures engineer is an important member of the design team. Most structures engineers have at least BS degrees in civil, aerospace, or mechanical engineering.
Weight and Balance Engineer:
Most people don’t realize that when they and their luggage get on the plane, a weight and balance engineer has already determined where they should sit and where their bags should be placed to make sure that the plane is properly balanced. This may not seem very important to you, but the pilot and the design team think it is. The plane may not fly well or may break if it isn’t balanced right! Think about it – have you ever tried to float a boat in water, but you put all the weight on one side of the boat? It probably sank, didn’t it? So, the weight and balance engineer studies the loads on a plane or a missile, and he or she works with the other design engineers to ensure that the balance points on the plane or missile coordinate with the controls and structural systems. Then the plane or missile will perform as designed! These engineers usually have BS degrees in civil, mechanical, or aerospace engineering.
This next list of jobs features positions that require less formal education, but still may rely heavily on math and science classes in high school or at technical schools:
The assemblers are featured throughout the production line of an aircraft or missile. They put together various parts of the aircraft, or they monitor the machines that are putting it together. An assembler needs to be good with his or her hands and with tools.
Throughout the design and production process, many, many drawings are made to detail the design and building of an aircraft. The draftsman used to sit over a large board and draw the piece of the aircraft to the engineer’s specifications, but these days, most drawings are done on a computer using a CAD (computer-aided-design) program. A draftsman (male or female!) must be a good artist, with a strong sense of proportion. Experience with computers is a good plus also.
Electronics Installation Technician:
This technician works with the assemblers, but specializes in electronic equipment. He or she will install the various electronic instruments in the cockpit such as air navigational aids (like radar or the MLS – microwave landing system) and communications equipment, and also do the landing and cruise lights on the outside of the plane.
Jig and Fixture Builder:
The assembly of aircraft and missiles requires very specific frames and cradles, or jigs, to hold the pieces of the aircraft as they are being worked on. Most of the time, these jigs must be made at the production facility; they can’t be bought from a catalog. The jig and fixture builder is in charge of creating just the right frame or jig for a part or procedure. These builders are very good mechanics, and often contribute to the design process because of their experience. While they may not be formally trained in engineering, they often have a natural intuition for design.
When the aerodynamicists need to run a wind tunnel test, they go to a model builder with the specifications of the aircraft and commission him or her to create a scale model. Not only does the model builder have to recreate the aircraft in detail, but he or she also needs to be able to build into the model the necessary instrumentation for the test data. A strong background in math and science helps the model builder to be a full partner in a successful wind tunnel test sequence.
While the model builder and the aerodynamicists are working on their small-scale tests, it is often important for a design engineer to work with a full-size mock-up of the aircraft. For example, the designer of the cockpit needs to be able to see the full design to ensure that seats are positioned properly, there is head room for all sizes of pilots, and important switches and instruments are easy to see and reach. In an inflight emergency, the pilot doesn’t have time to fumble about to find the right switch to throw! So the mock-up builder works with the engineers to develop full-scale models of the design. Again, these builders have a solid background in math and science, along with good mechanical skills.
Many parts of aircraft or missiles are cut or formed from large sheets of metal. The sheet-metal fabricator will work with the metal and the machines that manipulate it to see that the proper parts are created. Good mechanic skills and some computer experience will help someone train as a fabricator.
Illustrations or drawings of the aircraft parts are very helpful to have in an instruction manual. This manual may be a maintenance manual for up-keep, a how-to manual for an operator like a pilot, or a record of the design process for the design engineers. The technical illustrator helps researchers, engineers, and maintenance personnel by drawing the technical figures necessary to demonstrate a point in the record. Illustrators generally have artistic backgrounds, but the ability to understand basic math and science concepts helps them translate the desires of the technical people to easy-to-follow figures for publication.
Highly specialized tools are necessary for the building of aircraft and missiles. They usually can’t be bought in stores or from catalogs. So, the production facility foremen must create their own tools. The tool designer may be an engineer, or he or she may be an extremely experienced mechanic who has great insight into exactly the type of tool needed for a job. Nowadays, a lot of the assembly is preformed by computerized machines, so tools must fit into the machine as well as suit the job.
Tool and Die maker:
Once the tool designer has arrived at a set of specifications, the tool and diemaker must make the requested part. This tool might be machined, or cut down from a raw piece of metal, or it may be cast by pouring hot liquid metal into a mold called a die. A die is the reverse of the tool, and it must be made very carefully so that the finished tool is exactly what was ordered.
Wind Tunnel Technicians:
These technicians work in a wind tunnel facility, operating the tunnels and the data-gathering devices. Since computers are used now for retrieving data, many people are needed to watch the tests to ensure they are running smoothly and that nothing breaks down. Wind tunnels take a lot of energy to run various tests, and the small detailed models can be very expensive. If a test run is stopped because something is broken, something isn’t working properly, or a model breaks down, it can be very costly. Technicians may not have engineering degrees, but many have engineering experience. Engineering students often work part-time or full-time as technicians to make money and gain experience while they are still in school.
Funding an aviation dream career has being a major challenge most especially in a developing nation like ours. The money can come from several sources such as: scholarships, grants, fellowships, assistantships, education loans, and student employment. Of these, scholarships represent the best potential for acquiring free seed money to build a career for the inexperienced low-timer.
Scholarships are considered “gift aid” and the recipient is never expected to pay the donor back. Such money can come from a variety of sources such as the federal and state governments, colleges and universities, businesses, private organizations, Non- governmental organization (NGO), and individuals. Some of these are awarded once, while others can be renewed.
Bear in mind that scholarships are generally granted to students engaged in traditional, collegiate-level studies. However, there is funding available for flight training exclusively.
Women In Aviation International: WIA is truly a shining example of professionals helping future professionals. The organization has provided over $3 million in scholarships to its membership over the past seven years. Viewing our Web site at www.wai.org, nearly 50 scholarships are listed encompassing all fields of aviation valued from $750 up to $35,000.
AOPA Air Safety Foundation: ASF lists three scholarships awarded annually, including the AOPA Air Safety Foundation/McAllister Memorial Scholarship. It is administered jointly by ASF and the University Aviation Association. One award in the amount of $1,000 is made to a promising young man or woman who, without assistance, would find it difficult to obtain a college education.
The application requirements typify those of most scholarships, which can include maintenance of a high grade-point average, college enrollment, specific class status, demonstration of need, and a written submission on a relevant topic.
National Business Aircraft Association: Surfing NBAA’s Web site shows ten scholarships promoting professional development for flight attendants, international operators, schedulers, dispatchers and more.
Ninety-Nines: The Amelia Earhart Memorial Career Scholarship helps members advance their aviation career by paying for the cost of training to complete an advanced pilot or aviation training course, such as a multi-engine rating or jet type rating, a flight instructor or airline transport pilot certificate, or a college course. These unique scholarships cover the entire cost of flight training or tuition to complete the certificate, rating, or coursework. Among other eligibility requirements, the applicant must be a two-year member of the Ninety-Nines.
The aforementioned is just a glimpse of what is available. A good tool for beginning the hunt for dollars is available at the University Aviation Association. For $20, UAA will send either a book or a CD listing hundreds of scholarship sources. Now, are you ready for a startling statistic? Just for grins, do an internet search for “aviation scholarships.” At this very moment, there are over 60,000 web addresses featuring aviation scholarships! Chances are, there is some good-hearted person, company, school, or organization that just might be willing to give you a financial push up the career ladder!
Written by: Mrs Fatokun Eunice (Chief Airtraffic Controller) MMIA for WAI nigeria chapter., Contact: www.starcrestgroup.com